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Урок по теме «Политическая система США»

Коршунова Елена Николаевна,

учитель английского языка

«МОУ Новоигирменская СОШ №1»

п.Новая Игирма Нижнеилимского района Иркутской области

Тип работы: конспект урока

Предмет: английский язык

Класс: 10

УМК: В.П. Кузовлев, Английский язык: учебник для 10-11 классов общеобразовательных учреждений.- Москва: Просвещение, 2006 г.
Цель урока: ознакомление с политической системой США.

Задачи урока:

1.Ознакомить учащихся с новыми лексическими единицами по теме и обеспечить их отработку в устной речи.

2.Практиковать учащихся в аудировании с детальным пониманием содержания текста.

3.Практиковать учащихся в работе со схемами и развивать практические умения работы в группах.

4.Развивать монологическую речь на основе прослушанного текста с опорой на схему.

5.Воспитывать интерес и уважение к истории и культуре США. Формировать коммуникативную культуру учащихся.

Оборудование: магнитофон, карточки со словами для составления схем для двух групп на доске.

Ход урока.

Организационный момент.

-Good morning! I’m glad to see you. Let’s start our lesson. Look at the words on the blackboard and guess what the theme of our lesson is.

-You are right. Today we are going to work in groups and speak about the political system of the USA, the large and powerful English-speaking country. At the end of the lesson you will be able to describe the political system of the USA.

Фонетическая зарядка.

-When you listen to a politician who speaks English you can understand some words without translation. Why? Listen to the speaker and repeat the words on the cards: government, the Administration, the Senate, the Congress, the President, the Vice-president, the Secretary, the House of Representatives, the Cabinet, the people, the Supreme Court. The 1st group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне ближайшего развития), read. The 2nd group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне актуального развития), translate.

Речевая зарядка (контроль домашнего задания).

At the last lesson we spoke about the political system of Great Britain and at home you had to tell about it. The 1st group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне ближайшего развития), agree or disagree:

-Great Britain is an absolute monarchy. -The head of the state is the Queen. -People elect the Prime-Minister. -There are two houses in Parliament. - The Parliament is responsible to the Government. -People elect the House of Commons. -The Cabinet chooses the Prime-Minister. -The Queen votes on the bills. -The Queen rules the country in fact. - The government represents the legislative branch of power. -The Cabinet is responsible for Government. -Parliament represents the executive branch of power. -The House of Commons controls the government. -The House of Lords has the power to delay bills for one year. -The Cabinet makes laws.

The 2nd group (учащиеся, находящиеся в зоне актуального развития ), match the words with their meanings.

1. The system of Government by the monarch. 1. A dictator.

2. A monarch with unlimited power. 2. A constitutional monarch.

3. The family of a king or a queen. 3. An absolute monarch.

4. The monarch whose power is limited by the constitution. 4. It is a monarchy.

5. A ruler with total power. 5. The royal family.

Релаксационная пауза (прослушивание гимна США).

Ознакомление с новым материалом.

Every country has its own political system, you know. Whether we like it or not but politics is a part of our lives. It is everywhere: in newspapers, on the radio, on TV. You’ve heard about it at the history lessons. Make a scheme of the political system of the USA using the following cards on the blackboard. Now listen to the text “How Much Power Does the US President Have?” to check if you are right. The 2nd group (учащиеся в зоне актуального развития ) may look through the text (со зрительной опорой на текст). Correct your schemes if it is necessary. Are they correct?

Рефлексия (монологическая речь по теме урока).

Tell about the political system of the USA. The 1st group (учащиеся в зоне ближайшего развития) may answer the questions: 1.What kind of state is the USA?

2. Who is the head of the state?

3. Who is the head of the executive branch in the USA?

4. Which officials are elected and which are appointed?

5. Is the head of state elected directly by the people?

6. Can the people of the USA exercise their power through their representatives?

7. What activities are the two branches of power involved in?

8. Is the role of the head of state in the USA ceremonial like in Great Britain?

The 2nd group (учащиеся в зоне актуального развития ) complete the sentences:

1. The United States of America is a …

2. The President is elected directly by …

3. The legislative branch of the federal government is …

4. Congress is made up of …

5. Congress makes … and can introduce …

6. The President and his Administration represent …

7. The Administration includes …

8. The President appoints … but the Senate must …

9. The legislative and the executive branches of government are involved in the system of …

Объяснение разноуровневого домашнего задания. Подведение итогов.

Americans say, “The President proposes, but Congress disposes”. Why do they think so?

The 1st group (учащиеся в зоне ближайшего развития) find the reasons in the text.

The 2nd (учащиеся в зоне актуального развития) read the text and translate it using the dictionary.

I thank everybody for the lesson. I hope this lesson was interesting for you. Tell me what it was easy (difficult, interesting) for you.

The 2nd group (учащиеся в зоне актуального развития) may use the phrases:

It was easy (difficult, interesting) for me (to read the words, to listen and understand the text, to make and use the scheme, to know new information about the USA).

The lesson is over. Good-bye.
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